Austin

History

Mower County was officially formed on March 1, 1856, with the signature of Governor Willis A. Gorman.  It was named Mower after John E. Mower, a territorial legislator.  Until this time, Mower County was part of Wabasha County.  Hunter Clark made the first settlement in the western part of the county, where Oakwood Cemetery is currently located in Austin.

The first Board of Commissioners met on April 7, 1856, in Frankford and located the county seat there.  Since there was no official county building, all of the records were kept in a tin box.  Wherever this tin box was located was where the county seat was established.  A plot was designed to steal the box and relocate it to Austin.  The plot was a success.  In March 1857, the county board obtained the office of A.S. Everest in Austin to be used as the county seat headquarters.  An election followed on June 1, where the citizens of the county voted to have Austin established as the permanent county seat.  The vote was split between the western residents and the eastern residents.  In January 1868, the first courthouse was built.

Since that time, the county has grown tremendously.  Austin is still the county seat and largest city in the country.

The Austin, MN area was well-known to the local Native Americans for its abundant fishing and hunting, attracting the first white
settler, trapper Austin Nichols, who built the first log cabin In 1854 he sold his claim to Chauncey Leverich, who is considered the first resident. By 1856, the number of settlers had grown enough for them to officially incorporated their community, naming the new town after Austin Nichols.Mills for flour and lumber provided the first industry. They built their first school in 1865 (school had been taught in various log cabins previously), and the first bank opened the following year. Railroads coming to the area in the late 1860’s encouraged further growth and development. Notably, George A. Hormel moved to the area, and in 1891 opened a small family butcher shop which grew into what is now known as the Hormel Foods Corporation. Hormel Foods Corporation has developed countless innovative foods including canned ham and other meats and foods, dried sausages, and of course SPAM®. The Hormel Institute, founded in 1942, is a world-renowned cancer research facility which continues to contribute to the search for cures and treatments for all cancers.
The Mower County Historical Society preserves and displays the local history. Austin has earned a reputation for cultivating the arts, with the Historic Paramount Theatre built in 1929, the Austin ArtWorks Center, the Austin Artist series offering quality entertainment for over 70 years, the Austin Symphony Orchestra, still going strong since 1957, and now the annual Austin ArtWorks Festival every August.Famous authors and musicians abound – among them poet Laureate Richard Eberhart, novelist Tim O’Brien, fantasist, Amanda Hocking; Charlie Parr, Martin Zellar, Molly Kate Kestner. Austin is the hometown of sports notables such as featherweight Jackie Graves, the Austin Atom; golfer Tom Lehman and Lee Jantzen; football players and coaches John Madden and Larry Kramer; and the list goes on. Marcusen Park, home to the Austin Greyhounds, has been part of the Minnesota baseball scene for 70 years, and has witnessed a legendary home run hit by the Twin’s Kent Hrbek and games played by Paul Molitor, Dave Winfield, and Austin’s own Mike Wuertz. Austin has been recognized as being a tree city for over 40 years and you can experience this at the Jay C Hormel Nature Center.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.90 square miles, of which 11.79 square miles is land and 0.11 square miles is water. Its elevation is approximately 1,200 ft.


Demographics

In 2000 there were 23,314 people, 9,897 households, and 6,076 families residing in the city and 10,261 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 92.6% White, 0.81% African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.09% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 6.12% of the population. There were 9,897 households, out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18. The average household size was 2.29; the average family size was 2.90. The median income for a household in the city was $33,750, and the median income for a family was $42,691. Males had a median income of $31,787 versus $23,158 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,651. About 7.5% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line.


Economy

With Hormel‘s corporate headquarters and main production facility in Austin, food processing plays a dominant role in the city’s economy. Hormel and Quality Pork Processors, a contract food processing firm serving Hormel, are by far the city’s largest private employers. Though most famous for SPAM, Hormel also produces many other brands, such as Jennie-O turkey, Muscle Milk, Skippy peanut butter, and Dinty Moore beef stew.

The government, education, hospitality, and retail sectors comprise much of the remainder of Austin’s employment base.

Hormel’s consistent and steady growth have resulted in below-average unemployment rates for Austin and Mower County in recent years. As of February 2016 the unemployment rate was 3.7% in Austin and Mower County, below both the state and national average.


Notable people

Marc Anderson- musician

Josh Braaten- actor

Philip Brunelle- conductor, primarily of choral music 

Trace Bundy- instrumental acoustic guitar player

James W. Davidson- explorer, writer, diplomat, and philanthropist

Richard Eberhart- United States Poet Laureate

Shannon Frid-Rubin- violinist in Cloud Cult

Jason Gerhardt- actor

Jackie Graves- boxer

Burdette Haldorson- basketball player and Olympian

Vince Hanson- basketball player

Amanda Hocking- writer of paranormal romance young adult fiction

Geordie Hormel- musician, composer, founder/owner of The Village Recorder music studio in Los Angeles

George A. Hormel- Founder of Hormel Foods

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